On-campus education vs. online education! Is one better than the other? Can one completely replace the other? Indeed it seems that online education is the way of the future. Educational institutions, corporations and government organizations alike already offer various forms of electronic teaching. However, can a computer truly replace a teacher and a blackboard?How people learnEach individual has a form of learning that suits them best. Some individuals achieve fantastic results in courses taught online, however most people drop out of 100% computer-led courses. Educational institutions, as well as companies in carrying out staff training, must recognize that there is no ideal way to carry out the teaching of a large group of individuals, and so must design programs that best suits the needs of the group as a whole.People learn using multiple senses. This involves learning through both theoretical components of a course, as well as social interaction with both instructors and other students. Students learn from each other’s mistakes and successes, not just from what they are told by instructors.Each individual student has an ideal learning pace. Instructors are therefore faced with the challenge of designing courses that move forward such that those students with a slower learning pace do not get left behind, while not moving so slowly that students with faster learning paces get bored.Online educationIn the age of high-speed information transfer, online education is becoming a popular and cheap means for delivering teaching to individuals outside the classroom, and in some cases all over the world. Teaching can be via CD, websites, or through real-time online facilities such as webcasts, webinars and virtual classrooms. However, different methods of online education each have their own advantages and disadvantages.Online education is still a relatively new concept, and in many respects still in the teething stages. As such, various problems arrive across different online education environments. For example:1. Lack of immediate feedback in asynchronous learning environments: While some online education environments such as webcasts, webinars and virtual classrooms operate live with the addition of an instructor, most do not. Teaching that is delivered through a CD or website, although having the advantage of being self-paced, provides no immediate feedback from a live instructor.2. More preparation required on the part of the instructor: In an online education environment, an instructor can not simply stand in front of a whiteboard and deliver a class. Lessons in online education environments must be prepared ahead of time, along with any notes and instructions that may accompany the teaching.In many cases it would also be necessary that the instructor not only understands the concepts being taught, but the technology used to deliver that teaching. This therefore increases the skill-levels needed of online education instructors, placing greater demand on educational institutions.Staffing levels may also be higher for courses run in an online education environment, requiring for example:The Instructor – able to teach both course content and be skilled in the use of technologies involvedThe Facilitator – to assist the instructor in delivering content, but may do so remotelyHelp Desk – to offer assistance to instructors, facilitators and students in the use of both software and hardware used to deliver the course.3. Not all people are comfortable with online education: Education is no longer only sought by the world’s youth. With an increased trend towards adult and continuing education, there is a need to design courses suitable for students over a larger age-range, as well as students from different and varied backgrounds. It is difficult, however, to design online education environments suitable for everyone.4. Increased potential for frustration, anxiety and confusion: In an online education environment, there are a greater number of parts making up the system that can fail. Server failures may prevent online courses from operating. Software based teaching applications may require other specific components to operate. Computer viruses may infect software necessary to run online education environments. If these systems are complex, students may choose the ease of On-campus education rather than taking the additional time and effort necessary to master the use of online education systems.5. The Digital Divide: Many people who live in remote areas and developing countries do not have access to computers, making any form of online education virtually impossible. For this reason, online education is only able to be targeted at the people lucky enough to be able to take advantage of the technology involved. Similarly, offering live teaching across the world means that different time zones and nationalities increase the demand for multi-skilled instructors.In addition to these, there are also several legal issues associated with maintaining an online education environment. For example, intellectual property laws, particularly those relating to copyright, may or may not fully cover electronically created intellectual property. For example, information on a website is not necessarily considered to be public domain, despite being available to everyone. However, the Australian Copyright Act was amended in 2001 to ensure that copyright owners of electronic materials, including online education environments, could continue to provide their works commercially.On-Campus EducationStill the most common form of instruction is traditional classroom-style learning. These instructor-led environments are more personal than online education environments, and also have the advantage of allowing for immediate feedback both to and from student and teachers alike. However, the classroom allows for less flexibility than courses run in online education environments.Instructors in modern classroom environments are still able to take advantage of several forms of electronic teaching tools while still maintaining the atmosphere associated with the traditional classroom environment. For example, PowerPoint slides can be utilized instead of a whiteboard or blackboard. Handouts can be distributed via course websites prior to the event. However, on the day, students are still able to actively participate in the lesson.Like online education environments, On-campus education comes with certain drawbacks, the most common of which is the classroom itself. This requires a group of people which, in a university for example, could reach a few hundred people in size, to gather in the same place at the same time. This requires enormous time and financial commitment on behalf of both the students and the educational institution.However, it is this sort of environment that is most familiar to students across the world. People of all ages can access a classroom environment feeling comfortable with the way that a classroom-run course is carried out. Older students who may not be comfortable with the use of information technology are not required to navigate their way through possibly complex online education environments, making On-campus education the most accessible form of teaching.On-campus education has one advantage that 100% electronically delivered courses can not offer – social interaction. Learning comes from observing, not only what is written on a page or presented in a slideshow, but what is observed in others. Most students are naturally curious, and so will want to ask questions of their instructors. The classroom environment allows students to clarify what is being taught not only with their instructors, but with other students.So, Which is Better?There is no style of instruction that will best suit every student. Studies have shown (Can online education replace On-campus education) that courses where online education is used to complement On-campus education have proved more effective than courses delivered entirely using only one method. These courses take advantage of both online education materials and a live instructor, and have produced results higher than those of students in either 100% online education or classroom environment courses. Students have the advantage of the immediate feedback and social interaction that comes with the classroom environment, as well as the convenience of self-paced online education modules that can be undertaken when it best suits the student.It would seem that online education environments will never completely replace On-campus education. There is no “one size fits all” method of teaching. Teaching styles will continue to adapt to find the method that best fits the learning group. Using a mix of online education environments and classroom sessions, educational institutions, corporations and government organizations can ensure that training is delivered that is convenient and effective for both instructors and students alike.
Teaching is an essential part of society; it’s how the leaders and workers in many industries are able to step into their career. Education is utilized from grade school to college, which makes understanding how to teach others an important and needed skill. Teacher education degree programs can be completed online allowing students to step into the career of their choice.Students that want to become a teacher have many training options to choose from. Online training offers students these main options, which include:*Elementary EducationDegree programs prepare students to teach kindergarten through sixth grade. Although professionals only teach one grade, education encompasses the knowledge needed to teach at all levels. Most online colleges have students choose a concentration area like English or math. Students then proceed to complete their training while learning how to specifically teach in that area. Courses may include math for teachers, education technologies, and teaching techniques. The completed curriculum prepares students to become licensed in their chosen area.*Secondary EducationStudents that want to teach sixth to twelfth grade should enter a training program in this concentration. Like elementary education students choose a subject as a concentration. Online education is comprehensive and examines the theories and practices used to teach children and adolescents. Student’s work primarily through the content in their chosen field, which allows them to teach at all education levels in this category. All students take the same foundational courses and specialization courses are taken separately. Literacy, classroom management, and human development are some common foundational courses.*Special EducationStudents work through a specific curriculum that allows them to educate individuals that suffer from mental disabilities like autism. To become a special education teacher students study areas like developmental linguistics, learning procedures, course designs, and content strategies. Most programs for this category are offered online at the master’s degree level.*Student Teaching RequirementStudents need to be aware that student teaching is required to gain licensure. For online learning this will incorporate students finding a school in their town that will allow them to student teach inside a classroom to gain experience. This is typically a semester long course, which requires students to record their teaching activities and work with the classroom’s teacher on improving their teaching abilities.Elementary and secondary education teaching positions require students to have at least a bachelor’s degree. A master’s degree prepares students to increase their teaching ability and knowledge on their subject. Students can also complete a master’s degree program to enter leadership roles in schools. Doctoral study is typically the route taken by students that want to become college professors. Students can complete associate degree programs in teaching, which prepare them to become teacher assistants.Education online is a convenient way for students to enter a career as a teacher. Students should research the schooling options for their chosen subject and begin training today. Enrollment in an accredited online school or college will give students the quality educational training they deserve. Agencies like the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education ( http://www.ncate.org/ ) are approved to fully accredit qualifying education training programs online.DISCLAIMER: Above is a GENERIC OUTLINE and may or may not depict precise methods, courses and/or focuses related to ANY ONE specific school(s) that may or may not be advertised at PETAP.org.Copyright 2010 – All rights reserved by PETAP.org.
Funeral catering is tough. Unfortunately, being faced with having to arrange a funeral or wake is something that nearly all of us will face at some point in our lives. In the midst of grief and bereavement, having to think about catering for a loved one’s departure is likely to be the last thing you feel able to do but at the same time you also want to give your loved one the best send- off you can. From a funeral catering point of view, the venue and likely numbers of guests is key information to have before you can start thinking about the food and drink you may like to serve.Food options range from cold buffets, hot-fork buffets to even a sit-down meal, although this tends to be less common at funerals. Buffets allow flexibility for the numbers of guests to change slightly and also gives people the choice as to how much they feel like eating. Many guests will also appreciate the variety of food a buffet offers. Often, guests at a funeral are feeling a bit fragile and will appreciate comfort food and sweet things. Food choices can vary according to the time of year and things like salads, pasta, pork-pies and sandwiches can be replaced by mini-Yorkshire puddings, warm tarts and mini-pies in colder weather. You could also serve a large bowl of rice with big bowls of accompaniments such as a curry dish, beef stroganoff or chicken fricassee on the buffet table and allow guests to help themselves. A dish such as mashed potato is also very comforting. Desserts may include things like trifle, pavlova, chocolate fudge cake or fruit salad.You may also want to consider any favourite foods of your loved one or even create a theme such as the colours of their favourite football team to trigger happy memories. You will also need to think about what drinks you will provide. Hot tea and coffee, water and fruit juices are always comforting and refreshing but it is also common to serve alcoholic drinks. You may want to think about whether you would want to limit the supply or how to avoid younger guests getting their hands on unsuitable drinks in this case though. As you can see, there is a lot to think about and it may be worthwhile considering employing the services of a professional company experienced in funeral catering.A good company will be sympathetic and understanding of your needs at this difficult time and can guide you from start to finish. They are likely to have a wide range of menu choices and can suggest the best options according to your venue and budget. Finally, on the day, a good catering company will transfer all food and drink to the venue for you, provide plates and cutlery, serve the food and clean away afterwards relieving you of the stress of having to think about all the small things and allowing you to focus on giving your loved one a beautifully memorable send-off.Copyright (c) 2014 Stratique Marketing, Design and PR